Infants have Strokes
Kids have Strokes
Even unborn babies have strokes

Stroke... it's not just for grown-ups

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This website provides specific information on stroke in utero, perinatal stroke, prenatal stroke, infant stroke, and stroke in childhood.

The Children's Hemiplegia and Stroke Association website provides information and support to the families of pediatric stroke survivors. You'll find information on therapy, dressing, school, and general support information needed by parents who face the sometimes daily challenges of raising a child with hemiplegia due to stroke. 

Facts about Pediatric Stroke

Join Our Facebook Hemiplegia and Pediatric Stroke Discussion Group for Parents   - support for families whose child has been diagnosed hemiplegia or hemiparesis due to a pediatric stroke or other causes.

Pediatric Stroke Hope - read stories of hope about children who have hemiplegia due to an early stroke


Recent Journal Abstracts Relating to Stroke in Infants or Children

Management of Stroke in Infants and Children

ASKing the Kids: How Children View Their Abilities After Perinatal Stroke Sept 2010

Predicting sensorimotor and memory deficits after neonatal ischemic stroke with reperfusion in the rat. Sept 2010

The functional organization of trial-related activity in lexical processing after early left hemispheric brain lesions: An event-related fMRI study Aug 2010

Factor V Leiden and prothrombin 20210G>A [corrected] mutation and paediatric ischaemic stroke: a case-control study and two meta-analyses. Aug 2010

Ischemic stroke in a 7-month-old infant with antiphospholipid antibody and homozygous C677T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphism. Aug 2010

Cognitive outcome following unilateral arterial ischaemic stroke in childhood: effects of age at stroke and lesion location Aug 2010

Risk factors and presentations of periventricular venous infarction vs arterial presumed perinatal ischemic stroke Jul 2010

OnHealthy Canadian Pharmacy

Feeding problems in children with neonatal arterial ischemic stroke. Jul 2010

Clinical presentations and neurodevelopmental outcomes of perinatal stroke in preterm and term neonates: a case series June 2010

Left hemisphere regions are critical for language in the face of early left focal brain injury June 2010

Epilepsy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke May 2010

Lipoprotein (a), birth weight and neonatal stroke April 2010

Impact of thrombophilia on risk of arterial ischemic stroke or cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in neonates and children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Apr 2010

Early gesture predicts language delay in children with pre- or perinatal brain lesions Mar 2010; Gesture was thus an early marker of which children with early unilateral lesions would eventually experience language delay, suggesting that gesture is a promising diagnostic tool for persistent delay.

Hemispherotomy and functional hemispherectomy: indications and outcome. Mar 2010

Feasibility of modified remotely monitored in-home gaming technology for improving hand function in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Mar 2010

Magnetic resonance imaging of brain injury in the high-risk term infant. Feb 2010

The 5-year direct medical cost of neonatal and childhood stroke in a population-based cohort. Feb 2010

Ischemic perinatal stroke secondary to chorioamnionitis: a histopathological case presentation. Dec 2009

Imaging data reveal a higher pediatric stroke incidence than prior US estimates Nov 2009

Etiology and treatment of perinatal stroke; a role for prothrombotic coagulation factors? Aug. 2009

Stroke in sickle cell anemia: alternative etiologies Aug. 2009

Delayed recognition of initial stroke in children: need for increased awareness July 2009

The cost of pediatric stroke acute care in the United States July 2009

Pediatric Stroke Treatment Comes of Age, Sept. 2008

Cortical reorganization of language functioning following perinatal left MCA stroke, Sept. 2008

Cerebral infarction in full-term newborns: MR imaging features, Sept. 2008

Behavioral Disorders and Psycho-Social Outcome After Stroke in Children. Sept. 2008

Plasticity in the developing brain: intellectual, language and academic functions in children with ischaemic perinatal stroke, Aug. 2008

Ischemic perinatal stroke: challenge and opportunities, Aug. 2008. The second highest risk group for developing a cerebral stroke is the perinatal period, generally defined as 20 weeks of gestation through 28th postnatal day of age. In this commentary, a brief overview of ischemic perinatal strokes is presented. Ischemic perinatal stroke (IPS) occurs at a rate of 1 : 2300 to 1 : 5000 births, accounting for 30% of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Thus, IPS is the most common known cause for CP [1-3]. Although they occur frequently, much remains to be studied about perinatal strokes in general and the ischemic variety in particular.

Patterns of cerebral injury and neurodevelopmental outcomes after symptomatic neonatal hypoglycemia, Aug 2008

Management of Stroke in Infants and Children:  A Scientific Statement From a Special Writing Group of the American Heart Association Stroke Council and the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young 

Risk factors for adverse outcome in preterm infants with periventricular hemorrhagic infarction, June 2008

Perinatal cerebral arterial infarction associated with a placental chorioangioma, June 2008

Very early arterial ischemic stroke in premature infants

Abstracts from the International Stroke Conference
Poster Session - International Stroke Conference

Ischemic perinatal stroke: summary of a workshop sponsored by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Sept. 2007, Maryland

Perinatal stroke and the risk of developing childhood epilepsy Aug. 2007, Indiana. Childhood epilepsy is frequent after perinatal stroke. Evidence of infarction on prenatal ultrasonography and a family history of epilepsy predict earlier onset of active seizures.

Prothrombotic risk factors in the evaluation and management of perinatal stroke August 2007, Boston

Risk factors for perinatal arterial stroke: a study of 60 mother-child pairs August 2007, California

Risk of recurrent childhood arterial ischemic stroke in a population-based cohort: the importance of cerebrovascular imaging March, 2007, San Francisco

Maternal and infant characteristics associated with perinatal arterial stroke in the preterm infant May 2007, The Netherlands

Perinatal ischemic stroke, Feb. 2007, NINDS, Maryland

Modified constraint-induced movement therapy after childhood stroke, Jan. 2007, London

Thrombophilias, perinatal stroke, and cerebral palsy Dec. 2006, NINDS, Maryland

Diagnostic pitfalls in pediatric ischemic stroke Dec., 2006, the Netherlands

Quantified Corticospinal Tract Diffusion Restriction Predicts Neonatal Stroke Outcome

Mode of onset predicts etiological diagnosis of arterial ischemic stroke in children

Cerebral palsy secondary to perinatal ischemic stroke

Recognizing Strokes in Children video, produced by the Keeping Kids Healthy TV Show. Recognizing strokes right away – and knowing what to do about them – is crucial in limiting the damage they can do to the rest of a child’s life. Would you recognize the signs of a stroke in your child? Watch the video.

Infant Stroke Facts
    Facts about Stroke in Children

Diagnosing Stroke in a Child
     Diagnosing Stroke in a Infant

Causes (Risk Factors) of Stroke in an Infant

Causes (Risk Factors) of Ischemic Stroke in a Child

Causes (Risk Factors) of Hemorrhagic Stroke in a Child

Join the Hemi-Kids online support group where parents of children who have hemiplegia or hemiplegic cerebral palsy, often the results of a pediatric stroke share support and information.  

Research on Stroke in Infants and Children

  • Clinical Trials and Studies of Pediatric Stroke

  • The Brain Imaging Center at Washington University, St. Louis - language and perinatal stroke study

  • University of Chicago Childhood Stroke Study - unilateral stroke

  • University of Chicago Language Development Project - unilateral stroke

  • Columbia University Constraint-Induced Movement Study in Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • NINDS Study on Quality of Life and Outcome of Stroke in Children

  • University of California Childhood Stroke Study, Psychiatric Aspects of Childhood Stroke

  • Guidelines for Research Study Listing

Treatment of disabilities resulting from infant or childhood stroke

  • Therapists and Doctors
  • Daily Living Skills
  • Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy
  • Special Education, IEPs, 504s

Support Groups for Families of Pediatric Stroke Survivors

Infant Stroke, Childhood Stroke, and Young Adult Stroke Awareness

We'd love to have you add the slogan, "Infants have Strokes, Kids Have Strokes, Even Unborn Babies have Strokes" to your website or email signature line. Make sure you include a link back to so that others can find additional information.
Visit the Children's Hemiplegia and Stroke Association, CHASA,  to learn more about hemiplegia, hemiparesis, and hemiplegic cerebral palsy, which may result from a prenatal, in utero, or childhood stroke.

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The information contained in this web site and on the CHASA websites  are not a substitute for medical advice or treatment, and the site owners recommend consultation with your doctor or health care professional.